Research

Currently, I am conducting research in several areas of domestic and global health politics and policy. The first area focuses on a comparative analysis of the BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa’s) response to disease. I am finishing a new book, as well as journal articles, comparing the BRICS nations and their response to HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis (TB), obesity, and the type-2 diabetes epidemic. My second area of research examines the relationship between democratic transitions, electoral systems, and health inequalities in several emerging economies. Another area of research examines the utility of institutional theory in accounting for domestic and international health agency response to disease. And finally, my work investigates the evolution and adaptive capacity of international health organizations and donors in response to country healthcare needs.

General Interests

  • Institutional Theory in Global Health Policy
  • Global Health Governance and Health Systems Reform
  • BRICS and healthcare
  • International Health Organizations

Research Projects

  • Healthcare in Emerging Markets: Geopolitical Strategies, Civil Society, and the Struggle to Eradicate disease in Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa

    Healthcare in Emerging Markets: Geopolitical Strategies, Civil Society, and the Struggle to Eradicate disease in Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa

    Forthcoming with Johns Hopkins University press, this book examines how the BRICS nations (Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa) varied in their response to the HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis (TB), and the more recent obesity epidemic. In this project, I introduce the concept of geopolitical positioning to account for the varied impact that international institutions have on domestic public health policies. In brief, geopolitical positioning explains the interests and incentives that political leaders have to respond to international pressures through a stronger policy response to disease, the domestic and foreign policy strategies that this entails, and to what extent they are willing to work with the international community. I then compare the historic difference between these nations in the area of state-civil societal relationships and expectations for overcoming the challenges of decentralization through a more centralized policy response. This book concludes with a wider discussion of the BRICS’ challenges in overcoming healthcare problems and what this means for their emerging nation status.

  • Democratic Transitions and Healthcare Inequalities in Emerging Economies

    Democratic Transitions and Healthcare Inequalities in Emerging Economies

    This area of research focuses on the impact of democratic transitions, electoral systems design, and decentralization on heath policy inequalities in several emerging economies. More specifically, this work seeks to establish differences between nations in Latin America and Asia on the political and civil societal expectations for universal access to equitable healthcare following transitions to democracy, the motivations for policy regulation after electoral and policy decentralization, and to what extent recent health insurance programs achieve full coverage and access to medicine.

  • Responding to Obesity and Diabetes in the Emerging Economies

    Responding to Obesity and Diabetes in the Emerging Economies

    In this project, I examine how several emerging economies are responding to the recent obesity and type-2 diabetes epidemics. I look specifically at the cases of India, China, and Brazil, where these epidemics have grown at an alarming speed. Special attention will be paid to the political, institutional, economic, and geographic factors accounting for differences in policy innovation and success in responding to these healthcare challenges, the potential costs to the economy, and what lessons these nations can provide to the emerging economies. Some of my research on this topic has appeared in the Harvard International Review and the Journal of Health Politics, Policy & Law.

  • Health Institutions

    Health Institutions

    For several years, I have been conducting research on the design and reform of institutions in the area of healthcare. I define institutions here as both the informal and formal expectations and processes shaping the design and implementation of policy. Current work strives to establish distinctions between public health and health insurance institutions, with differentiating historical and contemporary linkages at the international and domestic level. I am also pursuing support to develop a new database of health institutional indicators, which an be used for more effective policy evaluation and prescriptions. Some of my research on this topic has appeared in the journal Health Policy.

  • International Health Organizations

    International Health Organizations

    Another area of research focuses on the application of institutional theory to the reform and adaptation of multilateral health agencies, such as the World Bank and the Global Fund to Fight HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria. This work seeks to explain how insights from institutional change theory, network and power theory can advance our understandings of how these multilateral agencies differentiate in their response to country healthcare needs, while providing insights into greater organizational efficiency and policy effectiveness. Previous research on this topic has appeared in journals such as Health Policy & Planning, Globalization & Health, and Health Policy.